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Ph.D. Synopsis “Caste-less Community: Iyothee Thass () and Tamil Buddhism” Doctor of Philosophy in Comparative Literature by Dickens Leonard. Foundations of Anti-caste Consciousness: Pandit Iyothee Thass, Tamil Buddhism , and Anti-caste Consciousness of the Self: Pandit C. Iyothee Thass and. This dissertation is about an anti-caste movement among Dalits (the oppressed as untouchable) in South India, the Parayar. Since the late 19th century.

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Duke University Press, It served as a mobilizational tool of the new Buddhist movement among the Subalternized communities against caste.

Iyothee Thass

He was also the first notable Scheduled Caste leader to embrace Buddhism. Ayothidasar did not search for Buddhism in Buddhist Viharas and mutts. Baker and David Washbrook. Aloysius, Nationalism without a Nation in IndiaOxford, ; but this fact has been concealed so that no one now remembers Iyothee Thass as the pioneer of the Dravidian movement or anti-Brahmin movement.

It will not be an exaggeration to say that the foundation for the fierce nationalism of the Tamil people was laid by Pandit Ayothidasar.

Both of them were admitted into Buddhist fold by the High Priest Sumangala, and thus began a new era in the history of the unfortunate Panchamas [Dalits] of Southern India. Following Guru and Sarukkai, the hermeneutics of experience against caste is characterized by a spatial hermeneutic, which is responded by an experiential hermeneutic, and finally assessed by a transformatory phenomenology and archaeology.

But Siva and Vishnu are not your deities. Partha Chatterjee and Gyanendra Pandey. The opposition to his demands opened his eyes. Alfred A Knopf, Ramasamy Naicker and Dr.

அயோதிதாசர்: October

Johns Hopkins University Press, Iyothee Thassar and Tamil Buddhist Movement: The Dravidian Proof in Iykthee Madras. Even now you can see them in the Tulsimadam.


Baker, Christopher and David Washbrook. Subordination, Poverty, and the State in Modern India. Their prolific participation imprinted their erasure in history. Hinduism had no roots in this Nation. During the census, he urged Scheduled caste thss to register themselves as “casteless Dravidians” instead of identifying themselves as Hindus.

The Politics of Community: Ambedkar in memory of his teacher. He not only pointed out the short comings of Hindhuism, but also explained how Buddhism was supers on Hinduism. The magazine discussed traditions and practices of Tamil Buddhism, new developments in the Buddhist world, and the Iothee subcontinent’s history from the Buddhist point of view and edited it till his death in United States of America: They also required grooms for their horses.

To cite an example of how successful the efforts of the society were, Dalits there got themselves categorised as a separate category of ‘Buddhists’ in the Mysore decennial census report. From Iyothee Thass to Periyar. Clue Dance 2 May at Loss and Recovery of Self under Colonialism. They destroyed his mutt. Chennai Ayothidasar was an outstanding Rationalist Scholar and Writer.

Kathavarayan & The Revival of Tamil Buddhism

He realized, as few others did, that the real revolutionary potential lay not in urban Dalits, but in the rural Dalits and adivasis. Their Mechanism, Genesis and Development. Essays in the Wake of Subaltern Studies. A Reading of Tamizhan. Ambedkar Research Centre, Thass produces a critical anti- caste communitas in writing as an imaginative exercise of history and thought. He worked for the downtrodden people. AmbedkarThass was the first to develop an anti-caste narrative by espousing and tthass on Buddhism.

Iyohee argued that the text, Thirukural, was originally known as Thiri-kural thiri means three and it was the first Buddhist Text in a Dravidian Language.

Peter Connor et al.

Discussion on communitas explores the notions of community in iyothwe west, where society was criticised in the context of fascism, Nazism, and totalitarianism. Both of them identified that the caste system had originated with the fall of Buddhism; therefore, believed the revival of Buddhism could perhaps liberate the people from the evil system of caste. In this paper a brief attempt is made to construct the reformistic work which done by Iyothee Thass Pandithar.


Thsss can argue that the Subaltern thought in India that belongs to the anti-caste tradition, uses interpretation as a tool to reconfigure notions of space and time that is open, creative, and resistant. During the second thaass of the 19th century, new occupations developed in India under the aegis of colonialism; for example, in mines, the army, tea estates and so on. Iyothee Thass was the first Dalit tass undergo a personal educational revolution. Sivaraj, Meenambal, Appaduraiyar and etc.

Therefore, people of this nation celebrated the Buddha by calling Him as Varadhar and Baradhar and also they started calling the two parts of this nation as North Baradha Desam and South Baradha Desam.

While his movement did not transcend religion into a genuine spiritual movement, it had a tremendous impact in Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka.

The Religions of the Oppressed: The problem of the origin and religious heredity of the Pariahs of southern India was so important, that I was determined to bring the communities into relation with the High Priest Thads, so that in case they were proved to have been original Buddhists their communities might be brought into close connection and under surveillance of the Buddhists of Ceylon.

Dalit Movement in India.